Investigations on the Maillard Reaction in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds Induced by Roasting


Berk E., Hamzalioglu A. , GÖKMEN V.

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, cilt.67, sa.17, ss.4923-4930, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 67 Konu: 17
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01413
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.4923-4930

Özet

This study investigated the formation of Maillard reaction products in sesame seeds under different roasting conditions. Sesame seeds were roasted at 150, 180, 200, and 220 degrees C for 10 min, and thermal process contaminants including 5hydroxymethylfurfural, acrylamide, furan, and dicarbonyl compounds (1-deoxyglucosone, 3-deoxyglucosone, methylglyoxal, and diacetyl) together with glycation markers namely N-epsilon-fructosyllysine, N-epsilon-carboxymethyllysine, and N-epsilon-carboxyethyllysine, were monitored. Roasting induced the formation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, acrylamide, and dicarbonyl compounds, except furan, significantly (p < 0.05). 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural and acrylamide content of roasted sesame seeds were found to vary as 3-40 mg/kg and 135-633 mu g/kg, respectively. Dicarbonyl compounds were in the following order: methylglyoxal > 3-deoxyglucosone > 1-deoxyglucosone > diacetyl. On the other hand, N-epsilon-fructosyllysine concentration decreased while the roasting temperature increased; however, N-epsilon-carboxymethyllysine and N-epsilon-carboxyethyllysine formation was induced under those conditions. This is the first study reporting the formation of thermal process contaminants and glycation markers in sesame seeds through Maillard reaction during roasting.