Study of lipoxygenase and peroxidase as indicator enzymes in green beans: change of enzyme activity, ascorbic acid and chlorophylls during frozen storage


Bahceci K., Serpen A., Gokmen V. , Acar J.

JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, cilt.66, sa.2, ss.187-192, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 66 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.03.004
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.187-192

Özet

Effects of two blanching conditions using peroxidase (POD) and lipoxygenase (LOX) as indicator enzyme on residual enzyme activities, ascorbic acid and chlorophyll content in green beans during frozen storage were studied. No reactivation of both LOX and POD enzyme was observed during storage. The losses of ascorbic acid and chlorophylls during storage followed first order kinetics. Half-life of ascorbic acid in unblanched green beans was determined to be 1.89 months. It increased to 2.15 and 3.48 months by blanching at 70 degreesC for 2 min (for >90% LOX inactivation) and 90 degreesC for 3 min (for >90% POD inactivation), respectively. Half-lifes of chlorophyll a (Ch1 a) and chlorophyll b (Ch1 b) were determined to be 7.32 and 13.11 months in unblanched green beans. Blanching green beans at 70 degreesC for 2 min decreased the half-lifes of Ch1 a and Ch1 b to 5.05 and 10.09 months while blanching at 90 degreesC for 3 min increased to 8.26 and 16.70 months, respectively. The results clearly showed that a blanching treatment to inactivate POD retains the quality attributes of green bean better during frozen storage. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.