It is thought that our behavioural, social and intellectual development is fostered in early childhood alongside the acquisition of metacognitive and self-regulatory abilities. This qualitative investigation reports on how 11 children applied these skills via pedagogical documentation. Participant observation and interviews were used to gather data through documentation panel activities over a period of seven weeks. Data were coded and analysed with reference to the Cambridge Independent Learning (C.Ind.Le) framework. In this way, a specific application of a pedagogical documentation process was observed for evidence of how sharing time sessions and reflective dialogues with documentation panels supported children's use of self-regulatory and metacognitive abilities.