Determination of yolk:white ratio of egg using SDS-PAGE

Uysal R. S. , Acar-Soykut E., BOYACI İ. H.

FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, cilt.29, ss.179-186, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10068-019-00650-4
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.179-186


The aim of present study was to determine liquid egg adulteration based on yolk:white ratio of egg using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and by measuring Brix. To construct a calibration model, liquid egg samples were prepared by mixing egg yolk and white (yolk:white) at different concentrations. A high coefficient of determination value (R-2 = 0.992) was obtained. Limit of detection and limit of quantification were estimated as 62 g/kg and 187 g/kg. The accuracy of the model was tested using eleven LWE samples, and the yolk ratios of 90.9% of these samples were predicted successfully. Liquid whole egg (LWE) containing additional egg white up to 30% was also predicted with a low relative error of less than 10%. Yolk:white ratio of LWE samples and authentication of the components of LWE (containing extra white or water) can be determined using proposed method.