Exploring the black box of human resource and business strategy linkage: the effect of strategic fits on organizational performance


International Journal of Manpower, vol.44, no.5, pp.859-879, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/ijm-05-2022-0228
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Manpower
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, EconLit, Educational research abstracts (ERA), INSPEC, vLex
  • Page Numbers: pp.859-879
  • Keywords: Business strategies, Firm size, Strategic fit, Tight-fit, Minimal-fit, Non-fit, SHRM, Perceived organizational performance
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: This study explores the effect of the strategic fit (tight-fit, minimal-fit and non-fit) between business strategies and human resource (HR) practices on perceived organizational performance (POP). It also investigates the moderating role of firm size on strategic fit–performance linkage. Design/methodology/approach: The data were gathered via an online survey from HR managers of companies listed in “Fortune-500 Turkey, ISO-Top and Second-Top 500”. The form was distributed to 669 organizations, and 102 of them responded. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and moderation analysis. Findings: No statistically significant difference was found in organizational performance according to different strategic fit categories. The moderating effect of firm size was not significant. Yet, tight-fit and minimal-fit appear to be linked to higher organizational performance. The results reveal that business strategies aligned with HR practices could have a favorable impact on organizational performance. Originality/value: The study differs from previous studies in terms of methodology, the conceptualization of strategic fit categories, the nature of the sample and non-Western origin.