The purpose of this study is to examine paternalistic leadership behaviours' impact on job performance and on intention to leave the job of the employees. Study sample consists of 267 medical and administrative personnel working at a university hospital in Ankara, Turkey. In order to collect data, Paternalistic Leadership Questionnaire developed by Cheng, Chou, Wu, Huang and Farh (2004), Job Performance Questionnaire developed by Kirkman and Rossen (1999) and Intention to Leave the Job Questionnaire adapted from Walsh, Ashford and Hill (1985) were used. SPSS 21.0 was used for all statistical analysis. It has been found that paternalistic leadership dimensions have direct impact on job performance and intention to leave the job of the employees. It can be suggested that leaders at healthcare organizations can emphasize benevolence if they wish to positively influence their subordinates' job performance and that leaders at hospitals can emphasize benevolence and morality over behaviours if they wish to minimize the intention to leave the job. Since there is limited research on the relationship between paternalistic leadership and job performance and intention to leave the job, it is thought this study will contribute to the literature.