Individual ambidexterity after entrepreneurial failure in COVID-19 pandemic times: the influence of current employment status

Semerci A.

JOURNAL OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE MANAGEMENT, vol.35, no.7, pp.1000-1024, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/jocm-10-2021-0323
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, INSPEC, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.1000-1024
  • Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Individual ambidexterity, Cognitive appraisal, Entrepreneurial failure, Self-efficacy, Social perception, Employment, SELF-EFFICACY, COGNITIVE APPRAISAL, BUSINESS FAILURE, EXPLOITATION, EXPLORATION, CHALLENGE, MODELS, UNEMPLOYMENT, PERFORMANCE, ENTERPRISES
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose This study highlights the business failure experienced in pandemic times, its impact on entrepreneurs' perception of failure and the reciprocal relationship between entrepreneurs' perception of failure and individual ambidexterity. Design/methodology/approach The study provides empirical evidence on interpreting the long-term outcomes of business failure in pandemic times and develops a deeper insight by utilizing a two-year research design (time 1: 2020 and time 2: first half of 2021). It draws on data from 200 entrepreneurs who experienced business failure in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic times which is a global crisis. Findings The results revealed that both challenge and hindrance appraisals of failure are associated with individual ambidexterity over time. Self-efficacy and social valuation of re-entry decisions are mediators between hindrance appraisal and individual ambidexterity on both time 1 and time 2. Moreover, there is a positive reciprocal relationship between self-efficacy and ambidexterity throughout the two time periods. In regard to participants' current employment status, hindrance appraisal, self-efficacy and perceptions of ambidexterity linkages were found to be significantly different in terms of unemployment and employment. Originality/value To the best of the author's knowledge, it is the first time that the individual ambidexterity of failed entrepreneurs was explored after hard times in the pandemic. It comprehensively helps to understand the importance of cognitive appraisal of hard times and identifies the perceptional and behavioral consequences of failure in entrepreneurship.