This study looks at whether the information literacy self-efficacy of student teachers in departments of primary education in Turkish universities varies according to their Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) usage level, duration of ICT experience, gender, and grade. The survey was conducted with 1702 student teachers using the Information Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale. Results showed that student teachers' level and duration of ICT usage were determining factors for information literacy self-efficacy. Significant differences among grades show that training during university education has an important role in increasing information literacy self-efficacy. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.