Solubility and emulsifying properties of barley protein concentrate

Bilgi B., Celik S.

EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.218, no.5, pp.437-441, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Protein concentrates were produced from the flours of two barley cultivars (Bulbul and Tokak) by alkaline extraction procedure. The flour samples and their protein concentrates were examined by SDS-PAGE. Solubility properties of protein concentrates were investigated as a function of pH, NaCl concentration and protein concentration, whereas emulsifying properties were determined as a function of pH and protein concentration. The highest solubility was observed in water among the solvents studied, especially at pH values of 2, 10 and 11 as compared to the other ones. A decrease in solubility was determined with increasing ionic strength of NaCl solutions. The results suggested that emulsifying behavior of protein concentrates generally resembled their solubility behavior in water. Minimum solubility and emulsifying values were observed at pH 6, which is close to the isoelectric point of barley proteins. Both of these functional properties were improved below and above the isoelectric pH.