Investigation of heat induced reactions between lipid oxidation products and amino acids in lipid rich model systems and hazelnuts


Karademir Y., Goncuoglu N., GÖKMEN V.

FOOD & FUNCTION, vol.4, no.7, pp.1061-1066, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c3fo30364k
  • Journal Name: FOOD & FUNCTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1061-1066

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the contribution of lipid oxidation to non-enzymatic browning reactions in lipid rich model and actual food systems. Hazelnut oil and model reaction mixtures consisting of different amino acids were heated under certain conditions to determine possible lipid oxidation and nonenzymatic browning reaction products. In model systems, the Schiff base of 2,4-decadienal, its decarboxylated form, and reaction products formed after hydrolytic cleavage of the Schiff base or decarboxylated form were identified by high resolution mass spectrometry. No furosine was detected in hazelnuts after roasting at 160 degrees C while the concentration of free amino acids significantly decreased. 2,4-Decadienal reacted effectively with all amino acids studied through a Maillard type carbonyl-amine condensation pathway. (2E,4E)-Deca-2,4-dien-1-amine was identified as a typical reaction product in model systems and roasted hazelnuts. In lipid-rich foods like hazelnuts, lipid-derived carbonyls might be responsible for potential modifications of free and protein bound amino acids during heating.