Rapid determination of amino acids in foods by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry


GÖKMEN V., Serpen A., ATAÇ MOGOL B.

ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.403, no.10, pp.2915-2922, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 403 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00216-012-5779-z
  • Journal Name: ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2915-2922
  • Keywords: Amino acids, Food, Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography, High-resolution mass spectrometry, PRECOLUMN DERIVATIZATION, BIOGENIC-AMINES, QUANTIFICATION, FRUIT, WINE

Abstract

This study describes a rapid and sensitive analytical method for the determination of amino acids in foods and drinks. The method entailed dilution or extraction of amino acids from foods using the mixture of acetonitrile and 0.1% aqueous formic acid (50:50, v/v). Chromatographic separation of underivatized amino acids was performed using a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography within a runtime of 6 min. Both hydrophobicity and charge of the side chain played important roles on the elution order of amino acids under the chromatographic conditions. High-resolution mass spectrometry allowed qualitative and quantitative detection of amino acids in complex food matrices. Its response was found linear over a concentration range of 0.25-10 mu g/ml. The method could be successfully applied to various foods and drinks to profile individual amino acids. Mean percentage recoveries of amino acids from different matrices were 88.5% or higher with residual standard deviation of less than 5.0%.