Equilibrium modelling of individual and simultaneous biosorption of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) onto dried activated sludge


Aksu Z., Acikel U., Kabasakal E., Tezer S.

WATER RESEARCH, vol.36, no.12, pp.3063-3073, 2002 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0043-1354(01)00530-9
  • Journal Name: WATER RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3063-3073

Abstract

The biosorption of chromium(VI) and nickel(II) ions, both singly and in combination, by dried activated sludge was investigated in a batch system as a function of initial pH and single- and dual-metal ion concentrations. The working initial pH values for single chromium(VI) and nickel(II) biosorptions were determined as 1.0 and 4.5, respectively. It was observed that the co-ion effect on the equilibrium uptake became more pronounced as the co-ion concentration in solution increased and pH level increased for chromium(VI) and decreased for nickel(II). Adsorption isotherms were developed for both the single- and dual-metal ion systems at these two pH values and expressed by the mono- and multi-component Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models and model parameters were estimated by the non-linear regression. It was seen that the mono-component adsorption equilibrium data fitted very well to both the monocomponent adsorption models for both the components and the pH values studied while the multi-component Freundlich adsorption model adequately predicted the multi-component adsorption equilibrium data at moderate ranges of initial mixture concentrations for both the studied pH values. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.