Lymphedema is one of the most common complications to occur after breast cancer treatment. It is an important problem that affects individuals' lifestyles and activities, causing physical and psychosocial problems, and negatively affecting quality of life. Treatment of lymphedema was thought to be impossible in the past, but it has now become possible to manage the condition more effectively with current treatment methods. Nurses, who are important members of the healthcare team, play a key role in helping patients to take responsibility and play an active part in the prevention, management, and follow-up of lymphedema. Nurses should be able to identify patients at high risk for developing lymphedema, provide the necessary training for lymphedema prevention, evaluate lymphedema, and plan for appropriate nursing interventions in the early stages. This literature review aims to inform nurses and other healthcare professionals about lymphedema management.