Relationship between psychosocial characteristics and asthma management self-efficacy of caregiver mothers: a pilot study of pediatric asthma management in Turkey


HEALTH CARE FOR WOMEN INTERNATIONAL, vol.43, no.6, pp.620-641, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/07399332.2021.1893731
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, PAIS International, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.620-641
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


We analyzed the relationships between family functionality, caregiver burden, perceived social support, and asthma management self-efficacy of 300 Turkish mothers who provide care to pediatric asthma patients in this cross-sectional sampling study. The mean age of the caregiver mothers was 31.82 +/- 5.08. Our study results showed that the participants had above moderate but insufficient perceived social support and asthma management self-efficacy and they were moderately satisfied with caregiver burden and family functioning. As mothers' perceived social support increased, their satisfaction with family functioning and asthma management self-efficacy also increased but their caregiver burden decreased. Additionally, the caregiver mothers had a sufficiently high level of self-confidence in caregiving to children with asthma, and the caregiver mothers who received training or more information about asthma believed that they were able to manage asthma to a great degree. The researchers conducted regression analysis and they found that biological and social factors and the degree of caregiving burden were significantly associated with asthma management self-efficacy levels. The multivariate biopsychosocial model accounted for 37.4% of the total variance in asthma management self-efficacy. Parent asthma management self-efficacy levels of the caregiver mothers are largely linked to their biological and psychosocial characteristics.