MDCT angiography has enabled visualization of left atrium in addition to coronary arteries. CT images can be utilized to demonstrate normal anatomy and pathologies. Left atrium variations and pathologies include atrial septal pouch, patent foramen ovale, atrial septal defect, atrial band, lipomatous hypertrophy, cor triatriatum, diverticulum, accessory appendages, atrial thrombus and masses. Left atrium should be carefully evaluated in patients undergoing coronary CT angiography. MDCT is becoming an alternative modality for the evaluation of left atrium. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.