Congenital myasthenic syndromes comprise clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders resulting from presynaptic, synaptic, or postsynaptic defects. Mutations in the COLQ gene result in acetylcholinesterase deficiency and cause a rare, autosomal recessive synaptic form of congenital myasthenic syndrome, with variable age of onset and clinical severity. We present four unrelated patients with a homozygous W148X mutation in the COLQ gene. Signs began at birth in all, but subsequent severity ranged from independent ambulation to wheelchair use during childhood. Treatment was partly effective; one patient was asymptomatic with 3,4-diaminopyridine treatment. These cases illustrate the clinical features and treatment results associated with this particular genotype, which appears to be relatively frequent among Turkish patients with congenital myasthenic syndrome. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.