Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, vol.198, pp.110694, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
The model white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium is frequently preferred for heavy metal accumulation studies due to its high resistance to heavy metals, including copper (Cu). Here, the response of P. chrysosporium under Cu stress at different time points was investigated for the first time by a detailed proteomic analysis using 2DE MALDI-TOF/MS and nanoLC-MS/MS techniques. A total of 123 Cu-responsive protein spots were determined using 2DE approach, and 104 of them were corresponded to 73 distinct open reading frames (ORFs). Of identified ones, 88 spots were over-, and 16 spots were underrepresented. The majority of these proteins showed to the strongest response at 8th h of Cu exposure. Using nanoLC-MS/MS analysis, a total of 167 differentially produced proteins were identified from Cu-exposed cultures after enrichment of the membrane proteins followed by SILAC. Seventy four, 66, and 69 overrepresented, and 56, 71, and 64 underrepresented proteins were identified at 2 h, 4 h, and 8 h of Cu exposure, respectively. The bioinformatic analysis of these proteins revealed that intracellular trafficking proteins such as Ran GTPase and a p24 family protein, and certain proteins involved in posttranslational modification, protein turnover and folding were Cu-responsive. Three important transcription factors (TFs), NAC, BTF3, and homeobox TFs, 40S and 60S ribosomal proteins, chaperones such as Hsp26/Hsp42 and mortalin, as well as 20S proteasome, 14-3-3 proteins and Hsp90 involve in Cu-stress response of P. chrysosporium. Moreover, certain elements of translation machinery, the proteins related with aspartate, methionine, and pyruvate metabolisms, transketolase, and trehalase related with carbohydrate metabolism, citrate synthase, fumarase, V-ATPase, and F0F1-type ATPase playing role in energy production and conversion, transport proteins such as multidrug resistance and p24 family proteins as well as actin-related proteins involved in cytoskeleton remodeling were determined to be Cu-responsive. The present proteome analysis revealed that P. chrysosporium mainly regulates translational and posttranslational processes, certain transport processes, many metabolic pathways and cytoskeleton to overcome the Cu-induced oxidative stress.