The uranium recovery from aqueous solutions using amidoxime modified cellulose derivatives. IV. Recovery of uranium by amidoximated hydroxypropyl methylcellulose


BASARIR S. S. , Bayramgil N. P.

CELLULOSE, cilt.20, ss.827-839, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10570-012-9845-7
  • Dergi Adı: CELLULOSE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.827-839

Özet

Amidoxime modified hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) films (HPMC-g-AO) were used for the recovery of uranium from aqueous solutions by a complexation process. The adsorption experiments were carried out by immersion of a certain amount of films in UO2 (2+) solutions (resultant pH 4.1) ranging in concentration from 100 to 1,000 ppm. The effect of temperature (25-50 A degrees C) on the adsorption capacity of HPMC-g-AO was investigated at the optimized time. The adsorption kinetics and the thermodynamics as well as the adsorption capacity of HPMC-g-AO films were investigated. The adsorption capacity was found as 765 mg UO2 (2+)/g dry film. The kinetic and the thermodynamic parameters (i.e. activation energy, enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy) for the interaction of UO2 (2+) with HPMC-g-AO were calculated based on known basic relations. The results showed that adsorption occurred through strong electrostatic interactions with an enthalpy of -36.5 kJ/mol. The desorption of UO2 (2+) were investigated using different desorption agents such as EDTA, HCl, NaHCO3, and NaOH. After the 2 weeks treatment period, the highest desorption yield were found as 23 % with NaHCO3.