Clinical risk factors, phenomenology and the impact of clozapine induced obsessive compulsive symptoms.


Gürcan G., Şenol Ş. H. , Yağcıoğlu A. E. , Ertuğrul A.

Psychiatry research, vol.296, pp.113665, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 296
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113665
  • Journal Name: Psychiatry research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.113665
  • Keywords: Clozapine, Obsessive-compulsive symptoms, Phenomenology, Schizophrenia, Disability, RECENT-ONSET SCHIZOPHRENIA, ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICS, SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER, SCALE, RELIABILITY, EMERGENCE, DEFICITS, TURKISH, CORTEX
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical risk factors, phenomenology and the impact of clozapine induced obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in patients with schizophrenia. One hundred twenty-two patients receiving clozapine treatment for at least 6 weeks were assessed with Structured Clinical Interview for Axis-I Disorders for DSM-IV, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale and Checklist, Calgary Depression Scale, Clinical Global Impression Scale and WHO-Disability Assessment Schedule II. Information about past and current clinical status were gathered through clinical interviews and medical records. With clozapine 44.3% of the patients had de novo OCS, 33.6% had OCS both before and after clozapine, 21.3% didn't report any OCS. Clozapine doses, clozapine and norclozapine plasma levels were not significantly different. Severity of OCS was affected by clozapine and norclozapine plasma levels, and correlated with increased disability. Obsessions were less in clozapine induced OCS group, and compulsions, especially of checking subtypes, were predominant, compared to the group with prior history of OCS, who reported a significant increase in checking compulsion after clozapine treatment. Clozapine induced OCS should be considered during cost/benefit assessment of clozapine treatment, and understanding the risk factors and its different phenomenology may shed light into the underlying mechanisms.