ESR studies of sepiolites

Ulusoy Ü., Ikeya M.

APPLIED MAGNETIC RESONANCE, vol.18, no.4, pp.537-548, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf03162300
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.537-548
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra for each beige and brown sepiolites from Polatli-Ankara, Turkey, a clay mineral of Mg8Si12O30(OH)(4)(OH2)(4)(H2O)(3), at 77 K have their own single characteristic peak at g approximate to 1.99, which begins to anneal from 437 and 536 degrees C, respectively. The sextet lines of Mn2+ were also observed in addition to two peaks (g = 4.4 and 5.0) associated with Fe3+. A high-quality sepiolite called "meerschaum" from Sepetci-Eskisehir, Turkey, has two characteristic peaks at g approximate to 1.99, which begins to anneal from 419 degrees C, and at g approximate to 2.03. ESR intensities of the signal at g approximate to 1.99 for beige, brown sepiolites and meerschaum are enhanced by gamma-ray irradiation to give equivalent doses D-E = 11.8 +/- 3.4. 4.7 +/- 2.3 and 4.6 +/- 1.2 kGy, respectively. The ESR ages obtained by assessing the annual dose rate from the content of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 determined by gamma-ray spectroscopy are 1.8 +/- 0.8, 0.7 +/- 0.5 and 0.9 +/- 0.2 Ma, respectively, falling into the Pliocene Epoch in geological time scale in agreement with the stratigraphy.