2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts (SGEM 2015), Albena, Bulgaria, 26 August - 01 September 2015, pp.303-309
In today's global world, people living in cities have become more disconnected in terms of social interaction and socio-economic status. The consumerist way of city formation can easily be read in the formation and location preferences of residential settlements. The city formation through housing developments forces people not only to separate different socio-economic groups from each other but also to move in the city by the way of changing their homes at regular intervals. In other words, firstly the income groups have been separated by the projects designed only for a specific group, after then together with the changing location of residential settlements, the different income groups, who are the possible user of that houses, have gotten into circulation. Therefore, mostly global cities and their communities have fragmented both socially and spatially. Istanbul is one of these metropolises which experience this fragmentation through residential developments. In this framework, the aims of this study are to investigate the development patterns of the residential architecture and to remap circulation patterns of income groups in Istanbul in the first decade of the 21st century. Main objectives are; (1) to monitor the residential development on Istanbul in the first 10 years of the 21st century, (2) to define the growing directions of the city to be able to understand the dimensions and limits of the fragmentation, (3) to discover in which parts of the city, the different housing types were produced and who the target groups that each housing type addresses are in different regions of the city. Consequently, the growing directions of the city are revealed, the dimension of the fragmentation is identified and a full overview about the relation of residential architecture with the city is generated.