Absolute and convective instabilities in the compressible boundary layer on a rotating disk

Turkyilmazoglu M., Cole J., Gajjar J.

THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, vol.14, no.1, pp.21-37, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier


A numerical study has been undertaken to investigate the nature of inviscid instability of the three-dimensional compressible boundary layer flow due to a rotating disk. The compressible Rayleigh equation is integrated using a spectral Chebyshev-collocation method together with a fourth-order Runge-Kutta integrator. In the context of spatio-temporal stability analysis, the singularities of the resulting dispersion relation an determined and the ones that satisfy the Briggs-Bers pinching criterion have been selected. In certain finite parameter regions of eigenvalues (wave numbers and wave angles, for instance) it is found that by varying the Mach number, absolute instability occurs in the compressible boundary layer on a rotating disk. The range corresponding to the incompressible flow case given in Lingwood (1995) (epsilon between 14.615 degrees and 38.114 degrees) is verified. The results of Cole (1995) are also verified. The overall effect of compressibility is to reduce the extent of absolute instability at higher Mach numbers. The effect of heating the wall is to enhance the absolute instability properties, however, cooling the wall is found to decrease greatly the region of absolute instability regime for the range of Mach numbers studied. It is also shown in this study that for non-insulated walls a direct spatial resonance of the eigenmodes is possible and this raises the possibility of rage local algebraic growth of perturbations being important in some instances.