Ligandless-solidified floating organic drop microextraction method for the preconcentration of trace amount of cadmium in water samples

Sahin C. A. , Durukan I.

TALANTA, cilt.85, ss.657-661, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier


In this article, a new ligandless solidified floating organic drop microextraction (LL-SFODME) method has been developed for preconcentration of trace amount of cadmium as a prior step to its determination by flow injection-flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FI-FAAS). The methodology is based on the SFODME of cadmium with 1-dodecanol in the absence of chelating agent. Several factors affecting the microextraction efficiency, such as, pH, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) concentration, extraction time, stirring rate and temperature were investigated and optimized. Under optimized experimental conditions an enhancement factor of 205 was obtained for 100 mL of sample solution. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 1.0-25.0 ng mL(-1), the limit of detection (3s) was 0.21 ng mL(-1) and the limit of quantification (10s) was 0.62 ng mL(-1). The relative standard deviation (RSD) for 10 replicate measurements of 10 ng mL(-1) cadmium was 4.7%. The developed method was successfully applied to the extraction and determination of cadmium in standard and several water samples and satisfactory results were obtained. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.