The effect of recombinant human erythropoietin on serum selenium levels in hemodialysis patients


JOURNAL OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY, vol.15, no.4, pp.215-220, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Succesful. results in the treatment of anemia, one of the main complications of chronic renal failure, can be achieved by the use of recombinant human erythropoietin (RhEPO), which is available almost fifteen years in clinics. On the other hand, as both chronic renal failure and maintenance hemodialysis reduce the Levels of trace elements, this study was designed to evaluate the interaction potential of RhEPO with serum concentrations of selenium (Se) during four months. Thirty one adult hemodialysis outpatients participated in the study. Ten of them, not on any drug therapy to interact with RhEPO, recruited as "Control. Group", and the remainder, on RhEPO therapy, as "RhEPO Group". Blood was drawn from the Control Group at the beginning of the study, and from the RhEPO Group at every month for four months. Serum erythropoietin Levels were measured by a radioimmunoassay method and Se status by a spectrofluorometric method. It was found that Se Levels were not affected by RhEPO treatment during 3 months of therapy, while an increase was seen on the fourth month. The observation indicates that the increase in serum Se levels would be significant in longer than three-month RhEPO treatment.