Study on the Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions by steel wool

Özer A., Altundoǧan H., ERDEM M., Tümen F.

Environmental Pollution, vol.97, no.1-2, pp.107-112, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 1-2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0269-7491(97)00065-1
  • Journal Name: Environmental Pollution
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-112
  • Keywords: steel wool, hexavalent chromium, reduction, precipitation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


The reduction of Cr(VI) by steel wool and the precipitation of reduced chromium by CaCO3 powder and NaOH solution were investigated in continuous and batch systems, respectively. The effects of acid and initial Cr(VI) concentrations, volumetric rate and temperature of solution on Cr(VI) reduction were studied. The results showed that the reduction of Cr(VI), to a large extent, depended on, and increased with, acid concentration. The Cr(III) and iron ions in the reduced solution were completely precipitated by, using NaOH solution at appropriate alkaline conditions. It was concluded that CaCO3 powder could be used as a cheap precipitant for Cr(III) ions. But the iron ions in the reduced solution could not be fully removed by using this precipitant.