A new method for the production of gelatin microparticles for controlled protein release from porous polymeric scaffolds

Ozkizilcik A., Tuzlakoglu K.

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, vol.8, no.3, pp.242-247, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Tissue engineering using scaffolds and growth factors is a crucial approach in bone regeneration and repair. The combination of bioactive agents carrying microparticles with porous scaffolds can be an efficient solution when controlled release of bio-signalling molecules is required. The present study was based on a recent approach using a biodegradable scaffold and protein-loaded microparticles produced in an innovative manner in which protein loss is minimized during the loading process. Bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded gelatin microparticles were obtained by grinding freeze-dried membranes of gelatin and BSA. Porous scaffolds (250-355 mu m pore size) produced from a polyactide (PLLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) blend by salt leaching/supercritical CO2 methods were used for the experiments. Gelatin microparticles containing three different BSA amounts were incorporated into the porous scaffolds by using a surfactant. In vitro release profiles showed up to 90% protein loading efficiency. This novel method appears to be an effective approach for producing particles that can minimize protein loss during the loading process. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.