Posttraumatic Stress and Depression Among Syrian Refugees Living in Turkey Findings From an Urban Sample


KAYA E., KILIÇ C., KARADAĞ ÇAMAN Ö., ÜNER S.

JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE, vol.207, no.12, pp.995-1000, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 207 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/nmd.0000000000001104
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.995-1000

Abstract

Although most of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey live outside refugee camps, most mental health research is on camp residents and few are on those living in cities. We aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in Syrian refugees living in an urban area in Turkey. A total of 420 adult Syrians living in Ankara were assessed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory. Probable PTSD and depression rates were 36.5% and 47.7%, respectively. Female sex, physical illness, and greater number of potentially traumatic events predicted both PTSD and depression. PTSD was additionally predicted by past psychiatric illness, and depression was predicted by lower economic status. Interestingly, lower economic status predicted depression among men, but not among women. Studies on refugees should be sensitive to factors that could have a significant effect on mental health such as sex or residence.