New sample preparation method for the capillary electrophoretic determination of adenylate energy charge in human erythrocytes.

Ozer N., Aksoy Y., Ogus I.

Journal of biochemical and biophysical methods, vol.45, no.2, pp.141-6, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier


The first step in the separation of adenine nucleotides from different types of tissues or cells is deproteinization. Several sample preparation methods successfully used for a number of tissues or cells failed to work with erythrocytes. Use of strong acids or bases for deproteinization resulted in a low yield due to the hydrolysis of adenine nucleotides. Moreover, the neutralization of these acids or bases increased the ionic strength, resulting in broad and overlapping peaks. In neutral salt precipitation methods, saturated salts caused clogging of the capillaries. A new deproteinization procedure method was developed. The samples were deproteinized by heating of erythrocytes in boiling distilled water at 95 degrees C for 5 min. The denatured proteins were removed by centrifugation and membrane filtration. The adenine nucleotides were then separated using a polyacrylamide coated capillary. Depending on the type, diameter, length of the capillary and the voltage applied, an average of 16.50 min was sufficient for the separation of adenine nucleotides. All adenine nucleotides were clearly resolved and gave very sharp peaks. The amount of each adenine nucleotide was calculated from the areas under the peaks and AEC values were calculated using the integrator software. The AEC value of 0.91+/-0.04 (n = 10) obtained for healthy persons was in good agreement with the literature value of 0.85-0.95. These reported method for sample preparation and capillary electrophoresis is simple, fast and inexpensive compared to the previously reported sample preparation, HPLC and enzymatic methods for the determination of AEC. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.