Evaluation of exercise capacity using two field tests in patients with metabolic syndrome


Ozel C. B. , Arikan H., Demirtas R. N. , SAĞLAM M., Calik-Kutukcu E., Vardar-Yagli N., ...More

DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09638288.2019.1648569
  • Journal Name: DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus

Abstract

Purpose: Field tests are popular for assessing exercise capacity because they are practical and have established validity. The objective of this study was to compare physiological responses and exercise performance of patients with metabolic syndrome in two field tests of exercise capacity. Material and Methods: Forty-seven patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome participated in this cross-sectional study. Exercise capacity was assessed using incremental shuttle walk test and six-minute walk test. Factors determining exercise capacity and agreement between the two tests were also investigated. Results: Metabolic syndrome patients achieved a significantly greater percentage of predicted maximal heart rate, blood pressure, and longer distance in the incremental shuttle walk test than in the six-minute walk test (p < 0.001). Gender and body mass index explained 48.5% of the variance in six-minute walk test distance (R = 0.697, R-2 = 0.485, F(2-46) = 20.737, p < 0.001). Body mass index and fat-free mass explained 55% of the variance in incremental shuttle walk test distance (R = 0.746, R-2= 0.557, F(2-46) = 27.623, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Despite the agreement in the percentages of predicted maximal heart rate during these two field tests, the incremental shuttle walk test may be a better assessment tool than the six-minute walk test because it elicits more pronounced and definitive physiological responses to exercise tolerance in patients with metabolic syndrome.