Acetic acid hydrazide containing 5-methyl-2-benzoxazolinone (4) was synthesized by the condensation of 2-(5-methyl-2benzoxazolinone-3-yl)acetate with hydrazine hydrate. Thiosemicarbazide derivatives (5a-5d) were afforded by the reaction of corresponding compound 4 with substituted isothiocyanates. The cyclization of compounds 5a-5d in the presence of triethylamine resulted in the formation of compounds 6a-6d containing 1,2,4-triazole ring. On the other hand, the treatment of compounds 5a-5d with orthophosphoric acid caused the conversion of side chain of compounds 5a-5d into 1,3,4-thiadiazole ring: thus, compounds 7a-7c were obtained. The treatment of compound 4 with aromatic aldehydes resulted in the formation of arylidene hydrazides as cis-trans conformers (8a-8e). The structures of the compounds were elucidated by spectral and elemental analysis. While most compounds were exhibiting high activity in the analgesic-anti-inflammatory field, most of them were found to be inactive against bacteria and fungi. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.