Trypsin-induced elevated contractile responses in a rat model of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: Involvement of PAR2 and intracellular Ca2+ release pathways


DENİZALTI M., Anjum I., ŞİMŞEK G., ÖNDER S. Ç. , KANDİLCİ N. T.

Life Sciences, vol.293, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 293
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lfs.2022.120359
  • Journal Name: Life Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Trypsin, Detrusor, Permeabilization, Cyclophosphamide, Cystitis, PAR2, ACTIVATED RECEPTOR 2, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE-INDUCED CYSTITIS, SMOOTH-MUSCLE, SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION, RECEPTOR-2-MEDIATED CONTRACTION, HEMORRHAGIC CYSTITIS, RHO-KINASE, G-PROTEINS, BLADDER, EXPRESSION

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier Inc.Aims: Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic inflammatory disease with unclear etiology. Different receptors play a role in the pathophysiology including protease activated receptors (PARs). The present study aimed to investigate the subtypes and the effects of PARs on contractility using permeabilized detrusor smooth muscle strips in IC/BPS. Main methods: IC/BPS was induced by cyclophosphamide injection. Histopathological analysis, PCR for detecting PAR proteins, western blotting for indicating PAR2 protein expression levels and myograph recording for measuring contractile force were used. Key findings: The present study reveals that in rat bladder PAR1 and PAR2 but not PAR4 were found to be expressed. The first evidence was revealed where trypsin-induced contractions in rat permeabilized detrusor were potentiated in CYP-induced cystitis. Moreover, the functional inhibition of trypsin-induced contractions by selective PAR2 antagonist (ENMD-1068) and the supporting immunoblotting results emphasized that the main PAR subtype involved in IC/BPS model in rat bladder is PAR2. Our data emphasize the prominent role of IP3 in cystitis pathology besides ryanodine channels. Trypsin-induced Ca2+ sensitization contractions were also higher in cystitis. Both Rho kinase and protein kinase C played a role in this increased Ca2+ sensitization situation. Significance: The present paper highlights the intracellular pathways that are involved in trypsin-induced contractions mainly via PAR2 in permeabilized bladder detrusor smooth muscle in a rat model of IC/BPS.