Bacterial cellulose nanofibers for albumin depletion from human serum

Tamahkar E., Babac C., KUTSAL T., Piskin E., DENİZLİ A.

PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.45, no.10, pp.1713-1719, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.procbio.2010.07.007
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1713-1719
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Cibacron Blue F3GA (CB) was covalently attached onto the bacterial cellulose (BC) nanofibers for human serum albumin (HSA) depletion from human serum. The BC nanofibers were produced by Acetobacter xylinum in the Hestrin-Schramm medium in a static condition for 14 days. The CB content of the BC nanofibers was 178 mu mol/g. The specific surface area of the BC nanofibers was determined to be 914 m(2)/g. HSA adsorption experiments were performed by stirred-batch adsorption. The non-specific adsorption of HSA on the BC nanofibers was very low (1.4 mg/g polymer). CB attachment onto the BC nanofibers significantly increased the HSA adsorption (1800 mg/g). The maximum HSA adsorption was observed at pH 5.0. The HSA adsorption capacity decreased drastically with an increase of the aqueous phase concentration of sodium chloride. The elution studies were performed by adding 1 M NaCl to the HSA solutions in which adsorption equilibria had been reached. The elution results demonstrated that the binding of HSA to the adsorbent was reversible. The depletion efficiencies for HSA were above 96.5% for all studied concentrations. Proteins in the serum and eluted portion were analyzed by SDS-PAGE for testing the efficiency of HSA depletion from human serum. Eluted proteins include mainly HSA. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.