Brain Stem Responses Evoked by Stimulation With an Auditory Brain Stem Implant in Children With Cochlear Nerve Aplasia or Hypoplasia

O'Driscoll M., El-Deredy W., Atas A., SENNAROĞLU G., SENNAROĞLU L., Ramsden R. T.

EAR AND HEARING, vol.32, no.3, pp.300-312, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/aud.0b013e3181fc9f17
  • Journal Name: EAR AND HEARING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.300-312
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: The inclusion criteria for an auditory brain stem implant (ABI) have been extended beyond the traditional, postlingually deafened adult with Neurofibromatosis type 2, to include children who are born deaf due to cochlear nerve aplasia or hypoplasia and for whom a cochlear implant is not an option. Fitting the ABI for these new candidates presents a challenge, and intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brain stem responses (EABRs) may assist in the surgical placement of the electrode array over the dorsal and ventral cochlear nucleus in the brain stem and in the postoperative programming of the device. This study had four objectives: (1) to characterize the EABR by stimulation of the cochlear nucleus in children, (2) to establish whether there are any changes between the EABR recorded intraoperatively and again just before initial behavioral testing with the device, (3) to establish whether there is evidence of morphology changes in the EABR depending on the site of stimulation with the ABI, and (4) to investigate how the EABR relates to behavioral measurements and the presence of auditory and nonauditory sensations perceived with the ABI at initial device activation.