Teacher - student relationship is a critical factor which play a role on child's social and emotional development from the beginning of the school life. Assessing this relationship's quality can lead the preventive and intervention studies. From this point of view the aim of the study is to do the adaptation of the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale which developed by Pianta (2001) and adapted to other cultures such as Italy, Holland, Greek, Norway and China. 46 teachers were asked to fill the scale for 560 students. STRS's construct validity was assessed with confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses and it has seen that Turkish version of STRS has two dimension and 23 items. Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was .83 for closeness and Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was .86 for conflict. Results showed that STRS is a valid scale to be used in Turkey and can be used in different studies.