Recent Advances in Optical Sensing for the Detection of Microbial Contaminants

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İDİL N., Aslıyüce S., PERÇİN DEMİRÇELİK I., Mattiasson B.

Micromachines, vol.14, no.9, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/mi14091668
  • Journal Name: Micromachines
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: microbial contaminants, molecular imprinting, nanomaterials, optical sensing
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Microbial contaminants are responsible for several infectious diseases, and they have been introduced as important potential food- and water-borne risk factors. They become a global burden due to their health and safety threats. In addition, their tendency to undergo mutations that result in antimicrobial resistance makes them difficult to treat. In this respect, rapid and reliable detection of microbial contaminants carries great significance, and this research area is explored as a rich subject within a dynamic state. Optical sensing serving as analytical devices enables simple usage, low-cost, rapid, and sensitive detection with the advantage of their miniaturization. From the point of view of microbial contaminants, on-site detection plays a crucial role, and portable, easy-applicable, and effective point-of-care (POC) devices offer high specificity and sensitivity. They serve as advanced on-site detection tools and are pioneers in next-generation sensing platforms. In this review, recent trends and advances in optical sensing to detect microbial contaminants were mainly discussed. The most innovative and popular optical sensing approaches were highlighted, and different optical sensing methodologies were explained by emphasizing their advantages and limitations. Consequently, the challenges and future perspectives were considered.