Neonatal Medicine in Prehistoric Times in Anatolia


JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEONATOLOGY, vol.4, no.3, pp.153-157, 2015 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/2249-4847.159858
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.153-157
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This paper attempts to provide a preliminary report on neonatal medicine in prehistoric times in Anatolia. Skeletal findings in newborn babies are rare in the archeological record, and all interpretations are made based on artistic figures. A naked woman carved into a stone stab on the floor between God reliefs in Gobeklitepe which was erected by hunter-gatherers 12,000 years ago may suggest the center might have been for pregnant women to safe birth place or more likely an ideal location for blessed intercourse under the powerful god eyes. Catalhoyuk, the largest and best preserved Neolithic settlements dating from 7500 BC. The figurine of the "Mother-Goddess" in sitting position for child birth is the world's earliest known work of art which depicts a newborn head. A figurine of diencephalic (omphalopagus) twin which is thought to be a goddess is the earliest representation of a human with congenital anomalies. Newborn infant burials were probably used as vessels of communication to the gods.