Investigation of seroprevalence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in horses in Nigde province, Turkey

Karatepe B., Karatepe M., ÇAKMAK A., Karaer Z., Erguen G.

TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, vol.41, no.1, pp.109-113, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11250-008-9164-z
  • Page Numbers: pp.109-113


The prevalence of equine piroplasmosis caused by Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in Nigde, in central Anatolia, Turkey has remained unknown. Serum samples were obtained from a total of 125 horses and were tested for antibodies to T. equi and B. caballi using the Indirect Fluorescence Antibody Test (IFAT). Twenty-three (18.4%) horses were seropositive for equine piroplasmosis. Anti-T. equi was observed in 16 horses (12.8%) while anti-B. caballi was detected in 12 horses (9.6%). In addition, 5 serum samples were positive for both parasites. The prevalence rates of antibodies to T. equi and B. caballi for female and male horses were statistically indifferent (p=0.19 and 0.90). The difference between the seropositivity rates to T. equi among age groups was statistically insignificant (p=0.44) while the difference to B. caballi among age groups is statistically significant (p=0.01). Seropositivity rates ranged from 2.9% to 25.7% for T. equi and 2.9% to 14.3% for B. caballi from the selected districts in Nigde. A statistically significant difference on seropositivity rates for the study sites was observed for only T. equi (p=0.03). This study indicates that T. equi is higher than B. caballi in Nigde.