The aim of this study is to determine the language learning strategies used by university students and to present whether their use of learning strategies create any difference in terms of gender and academic achievement. This survey has been conducted among 702 university students at Erciyes University, School of Foreign Languages. Strategy Inventory of Language Learning (SILL), developed by Oxford (1990) and adapted into Turkish by Demirel (2009), has been used as the data collection tool. The construct validity of the scale has been checked through confirmatory factor analysis and it is found to have six sub-dimensions (memory, cognitive, compensation, metacognitive, affective and social strategies). The internal coefficient of consistence is .92. According to the findings attained in this survey, the university students have an average level of language learning strategies and they mostly use compensation and they merely use memory strategies. When compared to the male, the female use language learning strategies more and as the level of the use of language strategies increase, the achievements of the students increase as well.