Influence ofin uterodi-n-hexyl phthalate and di-cyclohexyl phthalate exposure on the endocrine glands and T3, T4, and TSH hormone levels of male and female rats: Postnatal outcomes


BARLAS N., Goktekin E., KARABULUT G.

TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, vol.36, no.6, pp.399-416, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0748233720931698
  • Journal Name: TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.399-416
  • Keywords: Di-cyclohexyl phthalate, di-n-hexyl phthalate, endocrine gland, thyroid hormones, male and female rats, FETAL TESTIS XENOGRAFTS, DICYCLOHEXYL PHTHALATE, DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY, THYROID-HORMONES, DI-(2-ETHYLHEXYL)-PHTHALATE, METABOLITES, CYCLOOXYGENASE-2, STEROIDOGENESIS, PROLIFERATION, PLASTICIZERS

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of di-n-hexyl phthalate (DHP) and di-cyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP) on endocrine organs in rats. Oil control, 20-, 100-, and 500 mg/kg dose groups were selected and administered to pregnant rats on gestational days 6-19 by oral gavage. The neonatal stages of rats continued until postnatal day 20 and the- juvenile stages of rats continued until postnatal day of 32. The rats were allowed to mature until the neonatal and juvenile stages and there after, they were divided into four groups corresponding to the treatment levels. Body and organ weights were recorded, serum was collected, and thyroid, pancreas, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland were removed. There was a decrease in body weights in the 20- and 500mg/kg DHP and in the 20-mg/kg DCHP dose groups in neonatal male rats. In contrast, for female rats, there was an increase in body weights in the 100-mg/kg DCHP dose group and there was a decrease in body weights in the 500-mg/kg DHP dose group. Body weights were increased at 20 and 500 mg/kg in the DHP-exposed juvenile male rats. Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were increased in neonatal male rats, while they were increased in the 100-mg/kg DHP group of neonatal and juvenile female rats. Serum triiodothyronine (T3) levels were increased at the high dose of DHP for neonatal male rats and at the low and high dose levels of DCHP for female rats. Serum thyroxine (T4) levels were increased in neonatal rats for DHP. Also, some histopathological changes were observed in the thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, and pituitary gland. In conclusion, it was shown that DHP and DCHP caused negative effects on T3, T4, and TSH hormone levels.