Tadpole-Like Anisotropic Polymer/Lipid Janus Nanoparticles for Nose-to-Brain Drug Delivery: Importance of Geometry, Elasticity on Mucus-Penetration Ability.

ÖKMEN ALTAŞ B., KALAYCIOĞLU G. D., Lifshiz-Simon S., Talmon Y., AYDOĞAN N.

Molecular pharmaceutics, vol.21, no.2, pp.633-650, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.3c00773
  • Journal Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.633-650
  • Keywords: anisotropic geometry, dual-drug delivery, elasticity, Janus particles, mucus penetration, nose-to-brain delivery
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Asymmetric geometry (aspect ratio >1), moderate stiffness (i.e., semielasticity), large surface area, and low mucoadhesion of nanoparticles are the main features to reach the brain by penetrating across the nasal mucosa. Herein, a new application has been presented for the use of multifunctional Janus nanoparticles (JNPs) with controllable geometry and size as a nose-to-brain (N2B) delivery system by changing proportions of Precirol ATO 5 and polycaprolactone compartments and other operating conditions. To bring to light the N2B application of JNPs, the results are presented in comparison with polymer and solid lipid nanoparticles, which are frequently used in the literature regarding their biopharmaceutical aspects: mucoadhesion and permeability through the nasal mucosa. The morphology and geometry of JPs were observed via cryogenic-temperature transmission electron microscopy images, and their particle sizes were verified by dynamic light scattering, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Although all NPs showed penetration across the mucus barrier, the best increase in penetration was observed with asymmetric and semielastic JNPs, which have low interaction ability with the mucus layer. This study presents a new and promising field of application for a multifunctional system suitable for N2B delivery, potentially benefiting the treatment of brain tumors and other central nervous system diseases.