pH shifting effect on anionic dye removal by surfactant-modified sugar beet pulp: Modeling of column studies

AKSU Z., Acar Yazgı Z., GÜNAN YÜCEL H.

Journal of the Indian Chemical Society, vol.100, no.2, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jics.2023.100899
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Indian Chemical Society
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Analytical Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE
  • Keywords: Remazol black B, Adsorption, Sugar beet pulp, CTAB, Modification, Packed bed column
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Indian Chemical SocietypH shifting effect on the adsorption of anionic RBB dye was tested by using untreated and CTAB-treated SBP as adsorbent in both batch and continuous systems. Characterization of the sorbents revealed the effects of surface modification. Enhanced binding sites and more porous surface structure resulted in improved adsorption capability. Flow rate and initial RBB concentration effects were tested in packed bed column. Optimum pH value of the adsorption, which was determined as 2.0 in the batch studies with untreated SBP, shifted to 8.0 with 20 g/L CTAB treated SBP. Experimental data in column studies showed the decreasing capacity with increasing flow rate and enhanced performance with increasing inlet RBB concentration for both sorbents. Maximum capacities of the columns were found as 36.9 and 2.6 mg/g with dried SBP at pH 2.0 and 8.0, respectively, at a maximum inlet RBB concentration of 500 mg/L and a minimum flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The highest capacity value at pH 8.0 was found as 140.0 mg/g under the same operating conditions, which reveals positive effect of the treatment on adsorptive performance. Langmuir isotherm was found to be most convenient model for the all equilibrium cases in the column. Moreover, Thomas model accurately predicted the breakthrough curves of each system. This is the first study reporting the modeling data of an anionic dye adsorption in a packed bed column by using modified SBP.