Melting of crustal xenoliths within ascending basalt: Example from the Kula volcanic field, western Anatolia, Turkey

Bayhan H., Aydar E., ŞEN E., Gourgaud A.

COMPTES RENDUS GEOSCIENCE, vol.338, no.4, pp.237-243, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 338 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.crte.2005.12.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.237-243
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


During its storage or ascent, basaltic magma inevitably interacts with the surrounding rocks. In this study, schist xenoliths incorporated within ascending basalt are examined. Heating of the xenoliths combined with decompression effect of rapid magma uprise led to dehydration melting of hydrous minerals producing hercynitic spinel, melt, sillimanite and Fe-Ti oxides. The melt is rhyolitic, strongly peraluminous (1.77 < A/CNK < 2.35) and corundum normative. It may contain up to 8 wt% FeO1. It occurs between the foliation planes and in the intragranular environment. Dehydration melting of micas in the schist is probably related to combined effects of heating by basaltic magma and decompression due to the rapid rise. Melting of xenoliths was a progressive process at low pressure.