The relationship between plasma levels of clozapine and N-desmethyclozapine as well as M1 receptor polymorphism with cognitive functioning and associated cortical activity in schizophrenia

Kir Y., Baskak B., Kusman A., Sayar-Akaslan D., Ozdemir F., Sedes-Baskak N., ...More

PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH-NEUROIMAGING, vol.303, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 303
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2020.111128
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Studies that examined the effect of clozapine on cognitive functions in schizophrenia provided contradictory results. N-desmethylclozapine (NDMC) is the major metabolite of clozapine and have procognitive effects via agonistic activity in the M1 cholinergic receptors. The rs2067477 polymorphism in the M1 receptors may play role in cognitive profile in schizophrenia. We investigated the association of plasma clozapine (PClz), NDMC (PNdmc) levels and the rs2067477 polymorphism with cognitive functions and cortical activity measured by functional near infrared spectroscopy during the N-Back task in subjects with schizophrenia (N = 50) who are under antipsychotic monotherapy with clozapine. We found that PClz and PNdmc levels were negatively, PNdmc/PClz ratio was positively correlated with immediate recall score in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test. PNdmc/PClz ratio was positively correlated with cortical activity during the N-back task. M1 wild-type group (CC: wild-type) produced higher cortical activity than M1 non wild-type group (CA: heterozygote / AA: mutant) in cortical regions associated with working memory (WM). These results suggest that individual differences in clozapine's effect on short term episodic memory may be associated with PClz and PNdmc. Higher activity in the M1 wild-type group may indicate inefficient use of cortical resources and/or excessive use of certain cognitive strategies during WM performance.