2-Year Real-World Outcomes with Intravitreal Aflibercept in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Literature Review and Meta-analysis of Patient-Relevant Outcomes


Carrasco J., Daien V., Eldem B. M. , Spoorendonk J. A. , Yoon J.

OPHTHALMOLOGY AND THERAPY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40123-021-00350-5
  • Title of Journal : OPHTHALMOLOGY AND THERAPY

Abstract

Background The 96 weeks' assessment from the VIEW studies provided insights into the long-term efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and demonstrated that it was possible to maintain long-term outcomes while moving from a fixed bimonthly regimen in Year 1 to a variable dosing regimen in Year 2. The aim of this analysis was to perform a literature review and meta-analysis assessing the use of IVT-AFL and real-world outcomes in treatment-naive patients with nAMD treated with IVT-AFL for 2 years, as per label. Methods A literature review and meta-analysis were performed to provide an overview of the baseline characteristics of the population, the 2-year outcomes, the associated treatment burden, and safety. Results Eleven publications providing data from patients with nAMD who had treatment initiated with IVT-AFL between 2012 and 2016 were identified. The mean baseline age of patients was 78.62 years, with a baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 57.73 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters. Patients reported a mean BCVA at 2 years of 62.55 ETDRS letters, with 47.39% of patients having a BCVA >= 70 ETDRS letters. Mean gain in BCVA versus baseline was + 4.49 ETDRS letters for the combined population (+ 5.91 letters for patients treated with a treat-and-extend regimen). Over the 2 years of the study, patients received an average of 12.34 injections, with a reduction in injections in Year 2 versus Year 1. The qualitative assessment of the safety data suggested that no new safety signals were identified. Conclusion Patients treated with IVT-AFL reported significant gains in visual acuity versus baseline after 2 years. The evidence identified indicates that the visual gains achieved during the first year of treatment are maintained through the second year and that these were achieved with a reduction in the mean number of IVT-AFL injections administered in Year 2 of treatment.