A comparative urinary proteomic and metabolomic analysis between renal aa amyloidosis and membranous nephropathy with clinicopathologic correlations


ÖZBEK D. A., Koc S. C., Kucuk N. E. O., Kablan S. E., YET İ., ÜNER M., ...More

Journal of Proteomics, vol.293, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 293
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jprot.2023.105064
  • Journal Name: Journal of Proteomics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Amyloidosis, Membranous nephropathy, Metabolomics, Nephrotic syndrome, Proteomics
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Urinary omics has become a powerful tool for elucidating pathophysiology of glomerular diseases. However, no urinary omics analysis has been performed yet on renal AA amyloidosis. Here, we performed a comparative urine proteomic and metabolomic analysis between recently diagnosed renal AA amyloidosis (AA) and membranous nephropathy (MN) patients. Urine samples of 22 (8 AA, 8 MN and 6 healthy control) patients were analyzed with nLC-MS/MS and GC/MS for proteomic and metabolomic studies, respectively. Pathological specimens were scored for glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis grades. Functional enrichment analysis between AA and control groups showed enrichment in cell adhesion related sub-domains. Uromodulin (UMOD) was lower, whereas ribonuclease 1 (RNase1) and α-1-microglobulin/bikunin precursor (AMBP) were higher in AA compared to MN group. Correlations were demonstrated between UMOD-proteinuria (r = −0.48, p = 0.03) and AMBP-eGFR (r = −0.69, p = 0.003) variables. Metabolomic analysis showed myo-inositol and urate were higher in AA compared to MN group. A positive correlation was detected between RNase1 and urate independent of eGFR values (r = 0.63, p = 0.01). Enrichment in cell adhesion related domains suggested a possible increased urinary shear stress due to amyloid fibrils. UMOD, AMBP and myo-inositol were related with tubulointerstitial damage, whereas RNase1 and urate were believed to be related with systemic inflammation in AA amyloidosis. Significance: Urinary omics studies have become a standard tool for biomarker studies. However, no urinary omics analysis has been performed yet on renal AA amyloidosis. Here, we performed a comparative urinary omics analysis between recently diagnosed renal AA amyloidosis (AA), membranous nephropathy (MN) patients and healthy controls. Pathological specimens were scored with glomerulosclerosis (G) and tubulointerstitial fibrosis (IF) grades to consolidate the results of the omics studies and correlation analyzes. Functional enrichment analysis showed enrichment in cell adhesion related sub-domains due to downregulation of cadherins; which could be related with increased urinary shear stress due to amyloid deposition and disruption of tissue micro-architecture. In comparative proteomic analyzes UMOD was lower, whereas RNase1 and AMBP were higher in AA compared to MN group. Whereas in metabolomic analyzes; myo-inositol, urate and maltose were higher in AA compared to MN group. Correlations were demonstrated between UMOD-proteinuria (r = −0.48, p = 0.03), AMBP-eGFR (r = −0.69, p = 0.003) and between RNase1-Urate independent of eGFR values (r = 0.63, p = 0.01). This study is the first comprehensive urinary omics analysis focusing on renal AA Amyloidosis to the best of our knowledge. Based on physiologic roles and clinicopathologic correlations of the molecules; UMOD, AMBP and myo-inositol were related with tubulointerstitial damage, whereas RNase1 and urate were believed to be increased with systemic inflammation and endothelial damage in AA amyloidosis.