Dynamics of a complex mass movement triggered by heavy rainfall: a case study from NW Turkey


GEOMORPHOLOGY, vol.42, pp.329-341, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0169-555x(01)00094-0
  • Journal Name: GEOMORPHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.329-341
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Following a period of heavy precipitation, a large and complex mass movement, namely the Dagkoy landslide, occurred in the West Black Sea Region of Turkey on May 21, 1998. This paper describes the conditioning factors of the landslide and interprets the mass transport processes in terms of a movement scenario, Geology, geomorphology and vegetation cover were considered as the conditioning factors of the failure. Observations showed that the gently sloping (about 10degrees) area is mostly covered by dense forest trees at the crown where the motion. initiated. Significant intersection of the collapsed slope with dip of the local marls seems to have contributed to the formation and geometry of the landslide. The distance from the crown clown to the toe of the landslide measured more than 600 in, with about 0.6 km(3) total earth material displaced. The landslide has both a block sliding characteristics in the upper portions and a debris flow/soil flow component around the margins of the sliding blocks in the middle parts and at the toe. The proposed scenario for the landslide reveals that the movement was initiated near crown as a result of the excess water content in the marls at the end of 3 days of heavy rainfall. The early perturbations (transverse cracks, ridges, etc.) lasted for 6 - 7 h, after which the central part of the zone started to move as a soil flow in which very large intact blocks were transported. Even though the movement was very rapid (1.2 in/min), there was no loss of life. However, the movement destroyed 38 houses, one mosque and a considerable amount of farmland. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.