Morpho-chemical characterization and surface properties of carcinogenic zeolite fibers

Mattioli M., Giordani M., DOĞAN M. , Cangiotti M., Avella G., Giorgi R., ...More

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.306, pp.140-148, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 306
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.11.015
  • Page Numbers: pp.140-148


Erionite belonging to the zeolite family is a human health-hazard, since it was demonstrated to be carcinogenic. Conversely, offretite family zeolites were suspected carcinogenic. Mineralogical, morphological, chemical, and surface characterizations were performed on two erionites (GF1, MD8) and one offretite (BV12) fibrous samples and, for comparison, one scolecite (SCI) sample. The specific surface area analysis indicated a larger availability of surface sites for the adsorption onto GFI, while SCI shows the lowest one and the presence of large pores in the poorly fibrous zeolite aggregates. Selected spin probes revealed a high adsorption capacity of GFI compared to the other zeolites, but the polar/charged interacting sites were well distributed, intercalated by less polar sites (Si-O-Si). MD8 surface is less homogeneous and the polar/charged sites are more interacting and closer to each other compared to GFI. The interacting ability of BV12 surface is much lower than that found for GF1 and MD8 and the probes are trapped in small pores into the fibrous aggregates. In comparison with the other zeolites, the non-carcinogenic SCI shows a poor interacting ability and a lower surface polarity. These results helped to clarify the chemical properties and the surface interacting ability of these zeolite fibers which may be related to their carcinogenicity. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.