Prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is refractory to medical treatment alone and early valve replacement is necessary. We describe a 40-year-old patient in whom endocarditis developed in the early postoperative period, and reoperation was not considered feasible. Ciprofloxacin was administered orally in order to suppress bacteremia for 36 months. Long-term oral ciprofloxacin may provide an opportunity in the treatment of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by Ps. aeruginosa in patients who are unfavorable candidates for reoperation.