Imaging Aspects of Hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis: Retrospective Findings of a Surgical Center in Turkey


KANTARCI A., AYDIN S., EREN S., Ogul H., AKHAN O.

PATHOGENS, vol.11, no.2, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/pathogens11020276
  • Journal Name: PATHOGENS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Keywords: alveolar echinococcosis, imaging, CT, MRI, US, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, DIAGNOSIS, CLASSIFICATION, MANAGEMENT, PROPOSAL

Abstract

Radiologists should be aware of the findings of alveolar echinococcosis (AE) due to the diagnostic and management value of imaging. We are attempting to define the most common diagnostic imaging findings of liver AE, along with the prevalence and distribution of those findings. The patients' US, CT, and MRI images were reviewed retrospectively. CT images were acquired with and without the administration of contrast medium. The MRI protocol includes T2-weighted images (WI), diffusion (WI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps, and pre- and post-contrast T1WIs. The current study included 61 patients. The mean age of the population was 58.2 +/- 9.6 years According to Kratzer's categorization (US), 139 lesions (73.1%) were categorized as hailstorm. According to Graeter's classification (CT), 139 (73.1%) lesions were type 1-diffuse infiltrating. The most frequent types were Kodama type 2 and 3 lesions (MRI) (42.6% and 48.7%, accordingly). P2N0M0 was the most frequent subtype. The current study defines the major, characteristic imaging findings of liver AE using US, CT, and MRI. Since US, CT, and MRI have all been utilized to diagnose AE, we believe that a multi-modality classification system is needed. The study's findings may aid radiologists in accurately and timely diagnosing liver AE.