The purpose of this study is to examine the resilience of high school students in Turkey, and to determine the relationships between the student resiliency and some protective factors such as school climate, teacher attitudes and behaviors, family and peer support according to the student opinions. By using 509 students randomly selected from 24 general and Anatolian high schools from central districts of Ankara, it was found that students' perception of sociability and communication skill and determination were higher than the self-efficacy, hope and problem solving skills which were important components of resiliency. There were significant correlations between students' resiliency perceptions and gender, grade level, fathers' educational level, family income, grade point avarege and absenteeism of those students. Grade point avarege and absenteeism were found to be the most important demographic variables that predict student resiliency. Additionally results indicated that there were significant correlations between student resiliency and perceived support from family and peers and these variables were important predictors of student resiliency.